1. What can this lexicon be used for?

This dictionary will help you to know how to write San. Those who do not know how to write a word can search for it in this lexicon.

This lexicon will allow you to learn many San words. As San was not always written, some words are disappearing. This book will help you to learn those words.

This lexicon will help you speak French better. We give the meaning of each word in French. If you can read French, you can improve your French vocabulary using this book.


  1. How to use this lexicon

The words follow the alphabetical order of San:

a b d e ɛ ə f g h i k l m n ny o ɔ p r s t u w y z


French alphabetical order:

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z


  1. Grammatical categories

There are many different grammatical categories. Here is an explanation of the most important categories:


Noun: The names speak of a person, thing or animal. Eg. : man, Moses, pebble, goat

verb: Verbs speak of what a person, thing or animal does. For example: to work, to say, to eat

adjective: Adjectives describe a person, thing or animal. Eg. : good, beautiful, sweet


In this lexicon you will find the grammatical category marked after the main entry.


  1. Completed and incomplete verbs

Each verb has two forms: the completed form and the unfulfilled form.

  1. The completed form speaks of things that are finished.
  2. The unfulfilled form speaks of things that are not yet finished.


In this lexicon, the completed form is written as the main entry, and the unfulfilled form is marked in parentheses following it: For example: bɔ (boe) v. remove, choose, subtract.


  1. Reflected verbs

Some verbs can be reflected; in this case, they must be written with "n" in front of the verb. In this lexicon, these verbs are marked as follows: For example: n doa (n doɛ) v. to strive to, to make an effort, to manage.


  1. Verbs with postposition

Some verbs are only complete when written with a postposition (eg la, nɛ, li, ganaa). In this lexicon, these verbs are marked as follows: For example: dɔ ... ganaa (doe ... ganaa) v. take advantage of someone.


  1. Examples of use

We have sometimes written sentences to help you tell the difference between words:

For example: kɛ́ det (+ pred). this; this; this. Nɛ kɛ́ boo da. This child has spoken.


  1. Borrowed words

Some words are borrowed from Jula or French. These words are marked as follows:

For example: kafee n. Coffee. Empr .: French.


  1. Dialect variations

Some words are not said the same way in all villages. This lexicon follows the talk of Toma and Yaba. We have indicated other dialect variations:

For example: sukun n. pickaxe. Var .: kusun


If you look for these variations in the lexicon, you will find them like this:

For example: kusun n. See main entrance: sukun